The Simlipal national park is blessed with the natural bounty in the form of distinct flora which comprises of fresh water flora and alpine flora. Extent over an area of more than 521 square kilometers the Simlipal has diverse floral count that is absolutely astonishing.
Being one of the richest home of wild animals, the Simlipal national park is rich in flora too. More than 75% of the total area of the Simlipal is dominated by Sal forests.
Sal, Khair and Sissoo are the most visible trees found in Simlipal. Though, there are several other species that contribute to the sound diversity of Jim Simlipal are scattered throughout the park. Chir Pine is the only conifer found in the park. Some part of the Simlipal is dominated by Bamboo forests. The main species is Male Bamboo having clustered stout stems and shining papery stem sheaths. Bamboos follow a peculiar flowering process. All bamboos in a forest flower together at the same time once in several decades. After flowering, fruiting and dispersal of seeds, all individuals die together.
Green is the fundamental color of nature and variety of flowering trees in Simlipal lend that beautiful color to the forests. The forests of the Simlipal is dominated by numerous flowering plant, some of them can be named as Kachnar with white tom pink flowers, Semal with giant red blooms, Dhak or popularly called as the flame of the forest with bright and eye pleasing orange flowers, Madaar or Indian Coral with red flowers and Amaltas with bright yellow chandelier like blooms.
Though, some species of trees that do not occur naturally in the park have been artificially planted in and around the habitation of the park. These include Teak, Silver Oak, Eucalyptus, Jacaranda and Bottlebrush and can be seen in and around forest rest houses inside the Simlipal Tiger Reserve area.
Floor of the Simlipal forest is also dominated by the several species of Ber found in open areas and is boon for many birds and animals providing food and habitat to them. Maror Phali is an easily noticeable shrub. If you look at the fruits of this amazing shrub, they are in the form of twisted spiraling pods. Jhau is different kind of shrubs found along the Ramganga basin on sandy or rocky soil.
It is quite interesting to explore the vegetation type of Simlipal national park. We find some of the Simlipal vegetation is covered with bamboo forest. Main species existing is named as Male bamboo having clustered stout stems and shining papery stem sheaths.